Many replacement theologians, especially amillennialists, use this text to argue that the kingdom is entirely spiritual, and that Jesus never meant to establish a literal kingdom on the earth. This misunderstanding must be addressed. In a fake religious trial, the Sanhedrin found Jesus guilty of a trumped-up charge of blasphemy cf. Mat Under Jewish law, blasphemy was punishable by death Lev The religious leaders could not, however, execute a death sentence cf. Joh They needed a death sentence under Roman law, but Rome would not execute any Jew on a charge of blasphemy. As a result, a civil charge against Jesus was brought to Pilate, namely of sedition against Rome Luk
If my kingdom were from this world, my servants would be fighting to keep me from being handed over to the Jews. On the positive side, we find here a marvelous summary of the Passion. Jesus is proclaiming that he is indeed a king, but not the sort of king who is liable to be recognized by a wily politico like Pilate. If Jesus must sacrifice himself for the life of the world, he will do so.
Now the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain to which Jesus had directed them. And when they saw him they worshiped him, but some doubted. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age. This prayer asks God to act.
Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence. John When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again into a mountain himself alone. John Ye judge after the flesh; I judge no man.